Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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IVES, Levi Silliman, clergyman, born in Meriden, Connecticut, 16 September, 1797; died in New York city, 13 October, 1867. His studies Were interrupted by the war of 1812, in which he served for about a year. He entered Hamilton college in 1816, but withdrew, owing to failing health. In 1819 he united with the Protestant Episcopal church, and in 1822 was made deacon, in which year he married a daughter of Bishop Hobart. He was ordained priest by Bishop White in 1823, and held pastorates in Batavia, New York, and in Philadelphia and Lancaster, Pennsylvania In 1831 he was elected bishop of North Carolina. He manifested great interest in education, and especially in the religious training of the negro slaves, for whom he prepared a catechism. Bishop Ives sympathized strongly with the tractarian movement in England, and in 1848-'9 began to publish and maintain doctrines that were objectionable to the majority in his diocese. A severe struggle ensued. Bishop Ives at first publicly renounced the doctrines that he had espoused, but returned to them again, and on Christmas day, 1852, while in Europe, made formal submission to the pope at Rome, and became a Roman Catholic. In the ensuing general convention he was pronounced ipso facto deposed from his bishopric. On his return to New York he became professor of rhetoric in St. Joseph's theological seminary, and lecturer on the same subject in the convents of the Sacred Heart and the Sisters of Charity. He also established the Catholic protectory for destitute children, was its first president, and bequeathed his library to this institution, which he left in a flourishing condition. He wrote a "Catechism" (New York); "Manual of Devotion"; "Humility a Ministerial Qualification" (1840); "Sermons on the Obedience of Faith" (1849); and "The Trials of a Mind in its Progress to Catholicism: a Letter to his Old Friends" (Boston, 1853; London, 1854).
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