Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHALMERS, Lionel, physician, born in Cam-bleton, Scotland, about 1715 ; died in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1777. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, and then settled in South Carolina, where he practiced for more than forty years, first in Christ church parish and then in Charleston. Dr. Chalmers recorded observations on the weather of South Carolina for ten successive years, beginning with 1750, and the results were published as "A Treatise on the Weather and Diseases of South Carolina" (London, 1776). He also wrote a paper on "Opisthotonus and Tetanus," which he communicated to the London medical society, and it was published in their "Transactions" in 1754. He was also the author of a valuable "Essay on Fevers" (Charleston, 1767).
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