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MONTERO, Lizardo (mon-tay'-ro), Peruvian naval officer, born in Ayabaea, province of Piura, 27 May, 1832. He studied in his native place, and went to Quite to finish his scientific education. In 1851 he returned to Lima, entered the naval academy, and was assigned to the frigate "Mercedes." which was lost in 1853 with nearly all on board, but Montero, with a few others, escaped. He was then sent to the steamer "Rimac," which was also wrecked in 18,55, and Montero went on foot through the desert of Tarapaca to obtain aid for the few survivors. In the same year he was lieutenant of the "Apurimac," the largest vessel of the Peruvian navy, and, while her commander was ashore in Arica, joined in a mutiny in favor of Vivanco, who was then at the head of a revolution against President Castilla, and steamed away from port. Early in 1857, while Castilla was besieging Vivanco in Arequipa, Montero, with the "Apurimae," captured Arica, thus cutting off Castilla's supplies by sea. After the suppression of the rebellion, Montero delivered the vessel to the government and went to Europe, but he returned in 1862, and, when war was declared with Spain, was commissioned to buy war-vessels in the United States. He arrived in Callao a few days before the bombardment of 2 May, 1866, and took an active part in the defence as commander of gun-boats, fighting under shelter of the forts, for which he was promoted post-captain. In 1874 he was sent by President Pardo against Pierola, who had risen in the south, and defeated that leader at Los Angeles and Arequipa, for which he was promoted rear-admiral. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate against General Prado in 1876. and was senator for Piura when the war against Chili began in 1879. He was sent by Prado to fortify Arica, and after the president had left the country in November was in command of the allied army. but on the arrival of the Bolivian ( president, Camper), the latter took the supreme command, and under him Montero led the Peruvian contingent in the unfortunate battle of Tacua. 26 May, 1880, and retired with his force to Torata. Under Pierola he served in the battles of Chorrillos and Miraflores, 13 and 14 January, 1881, and, after the final defeat, was appointed to superintend the operations in the north, where he continued the war against the Chilians. He accepted the vice-presidency under Garcia Calderon in March. 1881, without abandoning his position in Cajamarca, and, after the imprisonment of Garcia, claiming the presidency, went in August, 1882, to Arequilla and formed a government. After the evacuation of Arequipa, 29 October, 1883, he went to Bolivia, but returned to Peru on its abandonment by the Chilians and submitted to Iglesias. In 1885 he was elected deputy to congress, and in the same year became senator for the province ot! Piura.
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