Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLYDE, Lord, Sir Colin Campbell, British soldier, born in Glasgow, Scotland, 20 October, 1792; died in Chatham, England, 14 August, 1863. He entered the army in 1808, and served in the peninsular war. In 1814-'5 he participated in the war against the United States, and in 1823 aided in quelling an insurrection in Demerara. Having been appointed lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia, he arrived in Halifax in July, 1834, and at once entered upon the duties of his office. Sir 664 CLYMER Cohn, however, was a better soldier than statesman, and, though he secured the personal respect of all during the six years that he represented royalty in the province, in his administration of the duties of the executive, he adhered too closely to his instructions to give satisfaction to a people who were becoming conscious of their rights, as well as of their wrongs, and whose aspirations for increase of privileges and a larger share in the administration of the government had infused a new life into the body-politic, even before the interregnum that succeeded the recalling of Sir Peregrine Maitland in 1832. In 1840 political agitation was at fever heat in Nova Scotia, and, as Sir Colin deemed it a point of honor to support the executive council in its contest with the house of assembly, the latter reluctantly petitioned for his recall, the re-suit being that he left the province in the autumn. In 1842 he became a colonel, and served in the expedition against the Chinese. He distinguished himself as a general of brigade in India between 1848 and 1852, and with the Highland brigade, which he commanded in the Crimean war, contributed to the victories of the Alma and Bala-klava, in 1854. In this year he became major general, and in 1855 received the grand cross of the Bath. In July, 1857, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the army in India, and after a series of brilliant victories succeeded in crushing the Sepoy rebellion in 1858. The same year he was created Lord Clyde, and was made field-marshal, 9 November, 1862. His life has been written by Lieut.-Gem Shadwell (Edinburgh, 1881).
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