Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, Lord William, governor of South Carolina, died 5 September, 1778. He was the youngest son of the fourth duke of Argyll, became a captain in the British navy on 20 August, 1762, member of parliament in 1764, and was governor of Nova Scotia from 1766 till 1773. He had married, in 1763, Sarah Izard, a wealthy lady of South Carolina, sister of Ralph Izard, a well-known patriot, and in 1774 was appointed royal governor of that province. He entered on his duties in June, 1775, and was cordially welcomed by the people, 516 CAMPBELL for whom he professed great attachment. They soon found, however, that he was active in fomenting insurrectionary movements favorable to the crown among the border population and the red men, and the popular indignation against him increased daily. After he saw that preparations for resistance were going on steadily, and that the public military stores had been secured by the patriots, he took refuge on board a British man-of-war, where he was joined by his wife. In this vessel he threatened the City of Charleston, but the guns of Fort Johnson forced him to retreat. After sailing to Jamaica, he returned in the following year, and was mortally wounded on board the "Bristol" during the attack on Fort Moultrie.
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