Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KERLIEREC, Louis Billouart de, colonial governor of Louisiana, born in Quimper, France, in 1704; died in Paris, 9 September, 1770. He entered the marine guards at the age of seventeen, served in twenty-three campaigns, and was in three combats between the " Neptune" and superior English forces in 1746. On 21 October, 1747, in another engagement, he succeeded to the command of the vessel after the captain and 1st lieutenant had been killed, and continued the resistance until 300 men were slain or disabled. He commanded a cruiser in 1750, was promoted captain in 1751, and in 1752 was appointed governor of Louisiana. During the Seven years' war, when the colony was left to its own resources, he preserved it from the English, and on his return to France in 1764 left it in a flourishing condition. On arriving in France, some insubordinate officers and the widow of an official with whom he had had difficulties charged him with abuse of authority and excessive severity. His exile was decreed in 1769, but he appealed, and had collected proofs of innocence and testimony regarding the ability and integrity of his administration when he suddenly died. He is said to have composed memoirs of Louisiana, but the manuscript is lost.
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