Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GRANDMONT, Louis de, buccaneer, born in Paris in 1645; died at sea about 1686. He belonged toa good family. An officer having treated him as a child, Grandmont forced him to accept a challenge, wounded him mortally, and was arrested, but was pardoned, and entered the navy, where he distinguished himself by his bravery and intelligence. He obtained command of a privateer and sailed to Martinique, where he captured a Dutch merchantman, valued at 400,000 francs, but, having spent the entire sum in dissipation, he fled to Santo Domingo, and joined the buccaneers. His fine appearance, distinguished manners, and daring gained for him the confidence of his new associates. Placing himself at the head of a certain number among them, he captured in 1678 Maracaibo, and in 1679 Puerto Cabello, participated in April, 1683, with Graaf and Van Horn in the capture of Vera Cruz, and in August of the same year succeeded in getting possession of the town of Campeachy, where he gained a large booty. In order to obtain the freedom of two of his companions, who had been made prisoners by the commander of Merida, he offered in exchange to surrender the governor of Campeachy, and to release the captured garrison. The commander refused to consent, and even answered Grandmont's threat to destroy the entire town and massacre all the inhabitants by saying that he had money enough to rebuild it and men enough to repeople it; whereupon the buccaneer cut off the heads of five Spaniards, burned the City, blew up the fortifications, and on the festival of St. Louis burned logwood valued at 200,000 crowns in honor of Louis XIV., who, as a reward for his courage and military talent, had created him "lieutenant of the king," and had desired to appoint him governor of the southern part of Santo Domingo. But. Grandmont, with the object of rendering himself still more worthy of the favors of his master, determined to enter on a new campaign, and sailed from Santo Domingo in October, 1686, with a single vessel and a crew of 180 men. The vessel probably perished, as nothing further was heard of it.
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