Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOUVIGNY, Louis de la Porte, Sieur de, French soldier, born in France about 1654; died at sea, 27 August, 1725. He came to Canada in 1687, and in 1690 was sent to the west at the head of a great convoy, accompanied by Nicholas Perrot (q. v.), whom he was directed to obey on the route. At Les Chats he was attacked by the Iroquois, but defeated them and put them to flight. He was commandant at Mackinaw from 1690 till 1694, when he returned from the west with a convoy of furs. In the winter of 1696 he was sent at the head of 300 picked men to attack the Iroquois in their hunting-grounds between the St. Lawrence and the Ottawa. He marched through snow eight feet in depth to within fifteen miles of Fort Frontenac, and defeated a party of Iroquois, but, owing to want of provisions, returned to Montreal, which he reached after great hardships. He was made adjutant-general of Three Rivers in 1700, and of Montreal in 1703. In 1705 he went to Mackinaw to prevent the Ottawas from making war on the Iroquois, and succeeded in his mission, though with great difficulty. In 1708 he was created a chevalier of St. Louis. In 1712 he was sent to restore Fort Mackinaw, which had been destroyed by the English. He was appointed king's lieutenant at Quebec in 1716, and led an expedition of 800 Canadians and Indians from Quebec, on 14 March, to attack the Foxes, who took refuge in a stockade. Louvigny compelled them to surrender, but spared their lives on their promising co become allies of the French and to pay the expenses of the war with furs. He returned on 12 October, taking the sons of the Indian chiefs as hostages. He was shortly afterward sent as commandant to Upper Canada, and remained there till 1724, when he was appointed governor of Three Rivers. He was on the ship, "Chameau," when it was wrecked on its way to Quebec, and all on board perished.
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