Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SALOMON, Louis Etienne Felicite, president of Hayti, born in Aux Cayes in 1820; died in Paris, France, 19 October, 1888. He was of pure African parentage, but of and wealthy received family, an excellent education. In 1838 he entered the public service, and in 1843 joined the revolution against Boyer. He rose to the grade of colonel in the army, and in 1848 became minister of finance, foreign relations, instruction, and justice. After the proclamation of the empire he was created Duke de St. Louis du Sad, and he became general-in-chief in 1855. On the fall of Soulouque in 1859, Salomon went to France and later to St. Thomas, whence he participated in the revolutionary attempt of 1862, and was sentenced to death in his absence. In 1867 he was appointed by Salnave minister to England, France, and Spain, but President Nissage Saget dismissed him in 1870, forbidding his return to Hayti, and in 1873 he was again condemned to death in his absence as an instigator of the rebellion of Gonaives. He returned in 1876, and was again exiled in March 1878, but in 1879 went again to Hayti, and was elected president on 23 October, being chosen again in 1886 for another term of seven years. Although he was practically a dictator, his administration was beneficial to the country. Honest management of the finances was introduced, and the public credit was raised in such manner that the revenue increased and the balance due to the French government since 1825 was paid. A national exhibition was held in 1881, the country joined the Postal Union, and government bonds were steadily redeemed from the augmented revenue. Revolutionary attempts increased after his re-election, and the harsh measures that he employed to crush them, added to the general dissatisfaction, culminated in an insurrection on 4 August, 1888. Salomon was besieged in his palace by the rebellious garrison, and on 10 August Cook refuge on board a British man-of-war. Thence he went to Santiago de Cuba, and by way of New York to Paris. He was a fine-looking man, six feet four inches tall, with jet-black skin and white hair.
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