Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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JARRIC, Louis Etienne, Chevalier de, West Indian revolutionist, born in Les Cayes, Santo Domingo, in 1757; died there, 21 February, 1791. He was the son of a wealthy creole nobleman, and assumed the name of Chevalier de Jarric, although he was a natural son and a mulatto. His father gave him a good education and left him some property, but young Etienne felt his situation keenly, and accepted with delight the new democratic principles of 1789 as the means of elevating himself to the same level as the white creoles. He served on the continent as a captain when the French revolution began, and, returning to Santo Domingo, called the negroes together in mass-meetings, urging them to assert their rights, inasmuch as the constituent assembly had already given some hint of recognition. The result of these meetings was his election as a delegate to the assembly in 1789. In Paris he founded the Society of the friends of the blacks, and spoke several times at the bar of the assembly in behalf of the colored population of the colonies; but his exertions were in the end of no avail, although he had interested the orator Barnave in his cause, he then resolved to conquer by force what he could not do by persuasion, and, sailing for the United States, he bought in that country a full cargo of arms and ammunition, and landed with his colleague, Vincent Oge (q. v.), in October, 1790. They at once issued proclamations, calling the negroes to arms, and in a few days found themselves at the head of 700 men. M. de Vincent, governor of the cape, sent a body of regulars to crush the rebellion; but they were defeated at the battle of Dondan, after which Jarrie increased his forces to the number of over 2,500 men. De Vincent now marched in person with all his forces against Jarric. A great battle was fought near the river Saint Vincent, and the rebels suffered such a defeat that Oge and Jarric were compelled to fly to the Spanish possessions. They were surrendered by the authorities, and Jarric was broken on the wheel.
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