Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PREVOST-PARADOL, Lucien Anatole, French author, born in Paris, 8 July, 1829; died in Washington, D. C., 11 August, 1870. He was the only soil of the actress Lucinde Prevost-Paradol, and early showed literary talent. He received his education in Paris, became in 1854 editor of "La Revue d'histoire universelle," was graduated in the following year as LL.D., and appointed professor of literature in the University of Aix in Provence. In 1856 he became chief editor of the Paris " Journal des Debats," and from that time till his death he was one of the most brilliant journalists of his time. He was a formidable adversary to Napoleon III., and his witty criticisms were particularly obnoxious to that monarch, who tried in vain to conciliate him. In 1860, after a short service as editor of "La Presse," he returned to" Les Debats," where he opposed the French intervention in Mexico in a series of articles which, by arousing public indignation, caused the emperor first to reduce the proposed invading army, and ultimately to recall his troops in 1866. Three times, at Paris in 1863 and 1865, and at Nantes in 1869, Prevost-Paradol was a candidate for the corps legislatif, but failed, owing to the opposition of the administration. After the promulgation of the liberal amendment to the constitution in 1869, and the accession of the Emile Ollivier cabinet, he became reconciled to the empire, and accepted the appointment of minister to the United States, 12 June, 1870. He arrived in Washington toward the middle of July, but was coldly received in society, owing to the Franco-German war, which public opinion disapproved. He complained bitterly of this, especially of the attitude of President Grant. In the night of 11 August, 1870, he rose, and, after putting his papers in order, took position before a mirror and deliberately shot himself through the breast. Prevost-Paradol was a remarkable writer, and his editorials are yet considered models for journalists. His works include " Essais de politique et de litterature" (Paris, 1859)" "Du gouvernement parle-mentaire" (1860)" and " Nouveaux essais de poli-tique et de litterature " (1865).
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