Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JARAY, Luis de Cespedes (hah-rah'-e), Spanish soldier, born in Santiago, Spain, in the latter part of the 16th century; died in Charcas, Peru, about 1640. He began his career in Italy, where he rose to the rank of captain, and about 1619 sailed for Rio de la Plata, having been appointed governor of Paraguay. On his way he married in Brazil Victoria Correa de Saa, and, instead of continuing his journey by water, according to instructions, he resolved to go across the country. The Jesuits and their followers awaited the coming of the new governor with joy, as they believed that, coming through the country of the Paulists or traders from Sao Paulo, he must have become fully informed of their atrocities and would at once check them. But his wife's estates in Brazil needed laborers, and Jaray had agreed to protect the traders in kidnapping the people whom he had been sent to govern on condition that he should receive 600 of the captives to labor in his wife's plantations. Ja-ray haughtily refused the request of the priests for protection, and the missions of Guayra and Mist-ones fell an easy pray to the slave-hunters. The neophytes were carried off by thousands, and those that were left, to the number of about 12,000, resolved to abandon that part of the country. But the Paulists, having depopulated the missions of the eastern and northern part of Paraguay, now turned their eyes on the Spanish towns in the same province, and these soon shared the fate of the others. At last the crimes of Jaray reached the ears of the audiencia of Charcas, which summoned him to its presence in 1636 and condemned him to pay a heavy fine, stripping him of all authority, and forbidding him to hold any public office whatever for the space of six years.
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