Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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JEWETT, Luther, clergyman, born in Canterbury, Connecticut, 24 December, 1772; died in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, 8 March, 1860. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1795, studied divinity and afterward medicine, was graduated at the Dartmouth medical school in 1810, and practised at Putney, Vermont He was for fifteen years a representative in the state legislature, and was elected to congress as a Federalist, serving from 4 December, 1815, to 3 March, 1817. He removed to St. Johnsbury, and was settled as pastor of a church at Newbury, Vermont, in 1821. In 1828 he returned to St. Johnsbury, and began the publication of the "Farmer's Herald," and in 1830 of the "Freemason's Friend," both of which he edited till 1832.--His nephew, Iilo Parker, .educator, born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont, 27 April, 1808; died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 9 June, 1882, was graduated at Dartmouth in 1828, taught for a year, began the study of law, and then entered Andover theological seminary, where he .was graduated in 1833. During his vacations he lectured on the common school system in various parts of New England. On his graduation he accepted a professorship in the newly founded Marietta college. A year or two after arriving in Ohio he took part in an educational convention which led to the establishment of the common school system of that state. Having adopted Baptist doctrines, he resigned his professorship of rhetoric and political economy in 1838, and in January of the following year founded the Judson female institute in Marion, Alabama He also conducted the "Alabama Baptist." After managing his school with success for seventeen years, he returned to the north in 1855, and established a seminary for girls at Poughkeepsie, New York He received the degree of LL. D. from Rochester university in 1861. He suggested to Matthew Vassar the plan of an endowed institution for the higher education of women, and, when Vassar college was established, was chosen its first president in 1862. The same year he visited the universities and libraries of Europe, of which he gave a report on his return. He also made a report on the organization of Vassar college. He resigned the presidency of the college in 1864, and in 1867 settled in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he devoted himself to educational, philanthropic, and religious objects. He published a short treatise on "Baptism" (Boston, 1840); also "Relations of Boards of Health and Intemperance" (1874); "The Model Academy" (1875); and other pamphlets.
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