Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MANICAOTEX (mah-nee-kah-o-tex'), Haytian cacique, brother to Caonabo (q. v.). After the captivity of his brother he ruled over the dominions of the latter, and succeeded in 1494 in forming a formidable league of the caciques of the island to exterminate the foreign invaders. The natives began to assemble in great force in the Vega, within two days' march of Isabella, the headquarters of the Spaniards. Columbus, being informed of this conspiracy, resolved to take the field, and on 27 March, 1495, marched from Isabella. The Indians, under the command of Manicaotex, were in great numbers on a place that is known to-day as " Sabana de Matanza." The battle ended in the complete defeat of the natives, and Manicaotex was obliged to sue for peace and pay half a calabash of gold every three months. When Aguado, who had been appointed by the government to inquire into the conduct of Columbus, arrived from Spain in 1495, many of the caciques assembled in the house of Manicaotex, where they joined in a formal protest against the admiral. Nothing more is heard of the chieftain after that time.
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