Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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TOCORNAL g GREZ, Manuel Antonio (to-cor-nal'), Chilian statesman, born in Santiago, 12 June, 1817; died there in 1867. He studied law in the National institute, and in 1839 was admitted to the bar. In 1841 he was one of the founders of the University of Chili, and he became in the same year editor of "El Conservador," but in 1842 retired from the press. In 1844 he travelled through Europe, and in the last year was elected deputy to congress, where he forced the government to recognize ministerial responsibility. In 1848 he opposed the severe press law, and in 1849 was elected deputy by the opposition for Valparaiso, and called to form part of the new cabinet as secretary of justice. In 1851 he accompanied General Bulnes in the campaign of the south as judge-advocate-general; but on the accession of President Manuel Montt he retired, refusing a nomination as minister to the United States, a seat on the supreme bench, and the presidency of the commission to revise the criminal code. He continued his opposition in congress, but in 1857 was defeated in the election for Santiago. From 1862 till 1863 he was secretary of the interior under General Perez, but he resigned when war began between Peru and Spain. From 1865 till his death he was rector of the university.
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