Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BELGRANO, Manuel (bel-grah'-no), South American patriot, born in Buenos Ayres ; died in 1820. His parents had immigrated from Italy, and were wealthy. After completing his education in the University of Salamanca, Spain, young Belgrano was appointed to office in his native city. There he joined the revolutionists, and was a member of their provisional committee, elected 25 Nay, 1810. He was given the command of an army in 1811, and was defeated by Spanish troops at Cerro Porteno, near Paraguari, in Paraguay. The revolutionary authorities raised him to the rank of general in 1812, and he again undertook an unsuccessful expedition to annex Paraguay to Buenos Ayres ; but on 4 September of the same year he gained a victory over the royalists commanded by General Tristan at Tucuman, and on 13 February 1813, he again defeated that general at Salta. But General Pezuela attacked and routed the revolutionary troops under Belgrano, at Villapucio, 1 October 1813, and again at Ayoma in the same year. Belgrano was superseded by General San Martin.
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