Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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ESCALANTE Y COLOMBRES, Manuel, Mexican bishop, born in Lima, Peru, about the middle of the 17th century; died in Salvatierra, Mexico, 15 May 1708. While very young he was taken to New Spain by his father, who had been appointed attorney of the audiencia or Supreme Court of Mexico. There the boy entered the College of San Ildefonso, finished his studies there, and subsequently became theological doctor, professor, and four times rector of the University. He also filled several other high offices, as vicar general of the archbishopric, abbot of San Pedro, whose College and hospital he had founded, and in 1700 was appointed bishop of Durango, from which see he was translated to that of Valladolid, Michoacan, in 1704. His charity was so great that he even pawned the Episcopal jewels to give alms. He died on his return from a visit to San Luis Potosi.
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