Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GARCIA, Manuel, Chilian soldier, born in Santiago in 1803 ; died near Santiago, 4 March, 1872. In 1817 he became a cadet in the military school established by O'Higgins, took part in the battle of Maypu, 5 April, 1818, and in December, 1825, took part in Freire's second expedition against Chiloe, for which he was promoted captain. In 1827 he assisted in the campaign against the Indians of Mariluan, and in 1828 against the bandit Pincheira, and was afterward appointed military commander of Constitucion. He participated in the first and second expeditions against Peru, and for his gallantry was promoted colonel, and obtained two gold medals. In 1851, although retired from service, he took command of the troops against the revolutionists. In 1854 he was promoted general of brigade, and in 1857 appointed secretary of war and the navy, which place he held till 1862. In that year he was promoted to general of division, and then retired to private life, but for one term was a deputy to the national congress.
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