Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOMBARDINI, Manuel Maria (lom-bar-de'-he), Mexican soldier, born in the city of Mexico in 1802; died there, 22 December, 1853. He received his early education in his native city, and in 1814 entered the bureau of artillery as an apprentice. When the plan de Iguala was proclaimed in 1821, he joined the revolutionary forces as a cadet, but during the reign of Hurbide he retired into private life. The party strife between the Yorkist and Scotch factions in 1826 brought him again to the front, and he joined the former party. In 1830 he was a lieutenant, and in April, 1832, pronounced in Lerma for the plan of Vera Cruz. At the end of that year he was promoted to captain, and was taken under the protection of his relative, General Valencia, on whose recommendation m 1841 Santa-Anna made him a brigadier. He took part in the war against the United States in 1846-'7, and was wounded in the battle of Angostura. After Santa-Anna's banishment he continued to sympathize with that general, and took part in several pronunciamentos against the government. He favored the plan de Jalisco, and was banished, 2 January, 1853, by President Arista, but soon returned at the head of a revolutionary force, and was appointed by the president of the supreme court, Ceballos, commander-in-chief of the forces in the capital. When Ceballos resigned the executive, Lombardini was chosen by the commanders of the three divisions of the revolutionary troops provisional president, 8 February, 1853. Though a clear-headed and well-meaning man, he had no ability as a statesman, and when Santa-Anna, who had been recalled by congress, arrived in Mexico, Lombardini gladly delivered the executive to him on 20 April. Santa-Anna appointed him commander-in-chief of the forces in the capital, but he died in a few months.
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