Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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VATRY, Marc Antoine Bourdon (yah-tree), Baron de. French statesman, born in Saint-Maur, near Paris, 21 November, 1761; died in Paris, 22 April, 1828. He was secretary to Count De Grasse in 1780-'2, was at Yorktown, and wrote for the admiralty an account of the naval operations in the Gulf of Mexico and on the coast of North America. After the battle of Dominica, 12 April, 1789, in which he was wounded and where Count De Grasse was made a prisoner, he became secretary of Marquis Louis Philippe de Vaudreuil, who succeeded De Grasse in the command of the French forces. He was charged with the embarkation at Boston of Rochambeau's army for Santo Domingo, and when peace was concluded in 1783 he was up-pointed chief of the colonial bureau in the navy department. He was employed later at Antwerp, was secretary of the navy in 1798-1800, and was then named minister to the United States. By a subsequent decree he was appointed commissary-general of the Low Countries, and a few months later transferred to Havre as maritime prefect. He opposed the expedition of General Leclerc to Santo Domingo, of which he foresaw the consequences, and it is said that Bonaparte answered his objections and those of the engineer Fairfait with the significant words : " I want to get rid of the 60,000 republican soldiers of Noreau's army." During his administration as prefect of Avignon and afterward of Genoa he built several monuments, constructed bridges and dams, and opened high-roads. He became under-secretary of the navy and colonies in 1814, and retired to private life after the second restoration of Louis XVIII. in 1815. His works include "Expose des operations de l'armde navale du Comte de Grasse de 1780 a 1782" (Paris, 1785).
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