Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CROCKER, Marcellus M., soldier, born in Franklin, Johnson County, Indiana, 6 February 1830; died in Washington, D. C., 26 August 1865. He entered the U. S. military academy in 1847, but left at the end of his second year, studied law, and practiced in Des Moines, Iowa. He entered the national service as major of the 2d Iowa infantry in May 1861, was promoted colonel on 30 December fought with distinction in the battle of Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1862, was promoted brigadier-general on 29 November 1862, and engaged at the siege of Vicksburg, conducting a raid in Mississippi. After the re-enlistment of his brigade as veteran volunteers he fought through the Georgia campaign of General Sherman, commanding a division a part of the time. He was suffering from consumption during the whole of his military career, and was assigned to duty in New Mexico on account, of sickness. The brigade that he had commanded and brought to a high state of discipline was nicknamed "Croeker's greyhounds." It lost heavily in the assault of Bald Hill before Atlanta, on 22 July 1864, and in Hardee's attack on their position later in the day fully half were killed, wounded, or captured.
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