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TORRES y RUEDA, Marcos de, viceroy of Mexico, born in Almanza, Spain, in 1591' died in Mexico, 22 April, 1649. He was graduated at the University of Alcala, and, after obtaining holy orders, was professor of theology in Osma and Valladolid. Later he became canon of the cathedral of Burgos and rector of the College of San Nicolas in the same city, when in 1644 he was presented by Philip IV. to the bishopric of Yucatan, and confirmed in the same year by Pope Innocent X. He was consecrated by the bishop of Puebla, and in November, 1646, arrived in Campeche, taking possession of his see in Merida in the next month. He was scrupulous in his visitations of his diocese, especially in the investigation of the irregularities of the clergy, who in consequence clamored against him at court. Therefore, in 1647, on the promotion of the Count of Salvatierrato the viceroyalty of Peru, he received orders to take charge of the viceroyalty of Mexico, with the title of governor and president of the royal audiencia. He left Merida in December of that year, and, the outgoing viceroy being detained for some time, he took charge of the government, 13 May, 1648. He finished the cathedral of Puebla, sent re-enforcements to Porto Rico, and recommended the erection of a university in Guatemala" but his administration was chiefly noteworthy for the " auto da fe" that was celebrated by his orders, 11 April, 1649. It was one of the largest that was ever celebrated by the Inquisition of Mexico, 13 persons being burned and 107 flogged and otherwise punished" but the governor had already been stricken with the sickness of which he died a few days afterward.
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