Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MORTON, Marcus, jurist, born in Freetown, Massachusetts, 19 February, 1784; died in Taunton, Massachusetts, 6 February, 1864. He was graduated at Brown in 1804, studied at Litchfield, Connecticut, law-school, and was admitted to the bar in Taunton, Massachusetts He was clerk of the state senate in 1811-'12, elected to congress as a Democrat in 1816, serving in 1817-'21, was a member of the executive council in 1823, and became lieutenant-governor the next year. He was on the state supreme bench in 1825-'39, was elected governor of Massachusetts by one vote over Edward Everett in 1840, and from 1845 until his resignation in 1848 was collector of the port in Boston. He left the Democratic party about 1848 to become a Free-soiler, and was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1853, and of the legislature in 1858. Harvard gave him the degree of LL.D. in 1840. He advocated the restriction of slavery, and throughout the civil war was an ardent supporter of the National cause.--His son, Marcus, jurist, born in Taunton, 8 April, 1819, was graduated at Brown in 1838, studied two years at Harvard law-school, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He practised in Boston, but since 1850 has resided in Andover. He was a member of the State constitutional convention in 1853, and in 1858 was in the legislature, and was appointed a justice of the superior court of Suffolk county. He was elevated to the superior bench in 1859, and became an associate justice of the supreme court of Massachusetts in 1869, and chief justice in 1872. He received the degree of LL.D. from Princeton in 1870, and from Harvard in 1882.
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