Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GALVEZ, Mariano, born in Guatemala in the latter part of the 18th century" died in Mexico about 1850. He was a foundling, and was adopted by a rich family, whose name he assumed. He received his early education in the convent-school of Guatemala, but afterward studied law in the University of that City, and was graduated as doctor in 1819. He was private counsellor of Governor Gainza (q. v.), and it is probably due to his influence that the latter did not oppose the popular movement for liberty. Galvez favored the annexation of Guatemala to Mexico, but when the first Federal congress of Central America met in Guatemala in 1825, he was one of the deputies, and became president. In the civil war of 1826, Galvez took part with the Federalists, and headed a revolutionary movement against the Unitarian government, which, although promptly suppressed, hastened the invasion of Guatemala by Morazan, whose forces Galvez joined in Ahuachapare. On 24 August, 1831, Galvez was elected chief of the state of Guatemala, and under his administration science, arts, and education were fostered, and many public improvements made. In February, 1835, he was re-elected far a second term, during which the Asiatic cholera afflicted the country, and the reactionary party persuaded the uneducated people of the interior that the disease was caused by the poisoning of the springs by order of the government. Several revolutionary movements began, and in January, 1838, the City of Antigua, Guatemala, pronounced against Galvez's government. On the 13th the revolutionary forces of Sacatepeque occupied the City of Guatemala, and Galvez left the country for Mexico, where he practiced law for some years with distinction.
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