Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOYOLA, Martin Garcia 0fiez de (lo-yo'-lah), Spanish soldier, born in Biscay in 1553; died in Chili, 22 November, 1598. In 1569 he came to Peru with the viceroy Francisco de Toledo. By the capture in the Andes, in 1572, of the last inca of Peru, Tupac Amaru, he obtained the hand of the Princess Clara Beatriz de Coya, the only daughter and heiress of the inca Sayri Tupac. In 1579 he was appointed governor of Potosi, and in 1591 governor-general of Chili, arriving at Valparaiso with an army in September, 1592. Soon afterward he began operations against the Araucanians, which were continued with varying fortunes. In 1594 he founded near Angol the city of Coya, in honor of the princess, his wife, and established there colleges, churches, convents, and other public buildings, and two forts for the protection of the city and the mines of Relacoyan. In 1595-'6 he fought several battles against the Araucanian toqui Caillamachu. In 1597 he founded a colony in the province of Cuyo (now in the Argentine Republic), with the name of San Luis de Loyola. in the same year he had several encounters with Caillamachu, who forced him to retire from Angol to Imperial. He was returning to the seat of war near the Bio-Bio, accompanied by forty officers and invalids and three clergymen, when Caillamachu, who had followed his steps, surprised him in the valley of Curalaba and attacked him during the night, killing him, with all his party.
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