Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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LIVERMORE, Mary Ashton, reformer, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 19 December, 1821. Her maiden name was Rice. She was noted in childhood for resolution and restless activity, being foremost in all healthful, outdoor sports, and also remarkable for proficiency in her studies. She was a pupil and for some time a teacher in the Charlestown, Massachusetts, female seminary, and subsequently became a governess in southern Virginia, where she remained two years, and then taught at Duxbury, Massachusetts There she met Daniel P. Livermore, a Universalist clergyman, whom she married and accompanied successively to Stafford, Connecticut, Malden and Weymouth, Massachusetts, Auburn, New York, and Quincy, Illinois, in which places he had pastorates. In 1857 he became editor and publisher of the "New Covenant" at Chicago. During this period Mrs. Livermore wrote frequently for the periodicals of her denomination, and edited the "Lily," besides assisting her husband for twelve years as associate in his editorial labors. At the beginning of 1862 Mrs. Livermore was appointed one of the agents of the northwestern branch of the United States sanitary commission, which had been then recently established in Chicago. During that year she travelled throughout the northwest, everywhere organizing sanitary aid societies. In the following December she attended a council of the National sanitary commission at Washington, and the next spring was ordered to make a tour of the hospitals and military posts on the Mississippi. At this time sanitary supplies were low, and the most serious results at the Vicksburg camps were feared; but by personal appeals, by circulars, and by untiring persistence and enthusiasm, she secured immediate relief. She also took an active part in the organization of the great Northwestern sanitary fair in Chicago in 1863, from which nearly $100,000 were secured for the purposes of the association, and obtained the original draft of his Emancipation proclamation from President Lincoln, which sold for $3,000. Since the war she has labored earnestly in the woman suffrage and temperance movements, often appearing on the platform, and editing the "Woman's Journal" (Boston, 1870-'1). Her success as a lecturer before lyceums has been great. At a time when those institutions were at the height of their popularity, she was one of the four lecturers that were most in demand and that commanded the largest fees, the other three being men. For years she spoke five nights in the week for five months in the year, travelling 25,000 miles annually. Among her more popular lectures are "What shall we do with our Daughters? .... Women of the War," and "The Moral Heroism of the Temperance Reform." The first of the foregoing has been issued in book-form (Boston, 1883). She is the author of "Pen Pictures" (Chicago. 1865), and "Thirty Years too Late," a temperance tale (Boston, 1878). She has also prepared a work of 600 pages giving her experience during the war, which will probably be issued during the present year (1887).
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