Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLARKE, Mary Bayard, author, born in Raleigh, North Carolina, about 1830. She is the daughter of Thomas P. Devereux, a lawyer and planter, and married Col. William J. Clarke, who distinguished himself in the Mexican war, and commanded a North Carolina regiment during the civil war. After marriage she went to Cuba for her health, being afflicted with puhnonary disease, and afterward resided in Texas until the beginning of the war, when she returned to North Carolina with her husband and children. She wrote both prose and poetry, and at the close of the war resorted to her pen as a means of livelihood. In 1854 she published a collection of North Carolina verse under the title " Wood-Notes." On her return from Havana, in 1855, she wrote " Reminiscences of Cuba" for the "Southern Literary Messenger." While residing in Cuba and afterward, she published in periodicals many graceful poems, at first under the pen-name of " Tenella," and later under her own name, some of which were collected in a volume called "Mosses from a Rolling Stone, or Idle Moments of a Busy Woman," which was sold for the benefit of the fund for a Stonewall cemetery in Winchester, Virginia During the war she wrote the "Battle of Manassas," "Battle of Hampton Roads," " Rebel Sock," and other war lyrics. She also published elegant and faithful translations from Victor Hugo, translated "Marguerite, or Two Loves." and published prose articles signed "Stuart Leigh." After the peace, " General Sherman in Raleigh" and " The South Expects Every Woman to do her Duty" appeared in " The Old Guard," published in New York ; novelettes in " Demorest's Monthly" and "Peterson's Magazine"; "Social Reminiscences of Noted North Carolinians," and other articles in "The Land We Love"; and numerous contributions in " Literary Pastime," a weekly journal printed in Richmond, of which she was associate editor. Mrs. Clarke published a poem entitled "Clytie and Zenobia, or the Lily and the Palm" (New York, 1870).
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