Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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TORO ZAMBRANO, Mateo de, president of Chili, born in Santiago in 1724; died there, 26 February, 1811. During the Spanish reign he occupied several public offices, and contributed to the construction of the breakwater in Santiago, and of a bridge across Mapocho river. He equipped at his own expense a company against the Araucanian revolt, the command of which he gave to his son, Jose Gregorio. In 1762 he was appointed acting president during the absence of Juan Balmaceda, and. when President Mamtel Amat went to Peru as viceroy in 1768, Tore Zambrano occupied his place provisionally. Charles III. created him Count de la Conquista in 1771, and in 1809 the central junta of Seville gave him the rank of brigadier. When in 1810 the opposition against President Carrasco began, the audiencia, alarmed by the popular demonstrations, caused the latter to resign, and appointed in his stead Tore Zambrano on 16 July. But the excitement continued, and on 18 September Tore convoked a meeting of the authorities and citizens, before whom he resigned the presidency, and was elected again president of the new popular junta, of which Juan Martinez Rozas was the chief spirit. Tore Zambrano's age and feeble character prevented him from taking an active part in the government, and he died before the complete separation of the country from Spain.
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