Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOTTENSCHIOLD, Mathias (lot'-ten-ske-old), German explorer, born in Greifenberg, Pomerania, in 1729; died in Arolsen, Waldeck, in 1782. He was a Jesuit, and was employed for fifteen years in the missions of Uruguay and Paraguay, where he had special charge of the manufacturing that was done by the Indians for the company. After the expulsion of the order in 1767, he remained in the country as a teacher, and severed his connection with his former colleagues, becoming converted to Protestantism toward the close of his career. As he was in comfortable circumstances, he devoted several years to the exploration of South America before returning home, visited Peru, Chili, and Central America in 1770-'4, and published "Metallurgische Reisen durch Amerika" (2 vols., Leipsic, 1776); "Geognostische Bemerkungen tiber die basaltischen Gebilde der Cordilieren yon Peru" (Dresden, 1779); "Reise auf dem La Plataund Paraguay-Flusse" (2 vols., Leipsic, 1780); "Umgebungen yon Rio de Janeiro" (1780) ; "Geschichte der Entdeckung yon Paraguay" (1781) ; "Geschichte und Zustande der Indianer in Stid-Amerika" (2 vols., 1782); and several less important works.
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