Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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DUMAS, Mathien, Count, French general, born in Montpellier, 23 November 1753; died in Paris, 16 October 1837. He entered the army in 1773, served as aide to Rochambeau in America in 1780'3, and distinguished himself at the siege of Yorktown. He was afterward sent on missions to Turkey and Holland, was a member of the legislative assembly in 1791, and the friend of Lafayette. He was condemned to death, but fled to Switzerland, entered the military service of Napoleon, and was a general at Waterloo. He was active in the Revolution of 1830, and aided Lafayette in placing Louis Philippe on the throne. Besides some military works, he wrote " Memoirs of my own Time" (17731826), which were published after his death by his son.
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