Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LIRA, Maximo Rafael (lee'-rah), Chilian publicist, born in Santiago in 1845. Early in life he began to contribute to political and literary periodicals, and in 1871 he became editor of the "Independiente" of Santiago. In 1873 he was elected deputy to congress, where he has since served. He was elected secretary of the council of state in 1S74, and next year appointed secretary of the Chilian legation in Buenos Ayres. During the Bolivia-Peruvian war in 1879-'81 he served as secretary of the Chilian commander-in-chief, General Baquedano. He was appointed assistant secretary of the interior in 1883, but resigned in 1885 to become editor-in-chief of the daily paper "Los Debates," the organ of the Liberal party, which post he still (1887) holds. He is considered the first parliamentary orator, and one of the principal journalists of his country. He has published "Los Jesuitas y sus detraetores" (Santiago, 1870); "La Comuna y sus ensenanzas" (1871); and "Magdalena," a novel (1872).
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