Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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NAVARRA y ROCAFULL, Melchor de (nah-var'-rah), Duke de la Palata, viceroy of Peru, born in Aragon about 1625; died in Portobello, 13 April. 1691. He was appointed viceroy of Peru, and sailing from Cadiz, 28 January, 1681, entered Lima oil 20 November, and received the government from Archbishop Lifian y Cisneros (q. v.). On 20 February, 1684, he issued a decree to protect the Indians against oppressive church taxes, and reorganized the University of San Marcos, in Lima. During his government Edward David (q. v.) and other pirates invaded the Pacific sea in 1684, and began hostilities that lasted four years, and cost $1,610,000, including the expense for the fortifications of Lima. In October, 1687, there was an earthquake that destroyed the city and nearly all the churches, and the viceroy and his wife did everything to aid the victims, expending in a year more than $60,000 from their own resources. He tried to persuade the archbishop and the clergy to contribute to the reconstruction of the churches, and the royal treasury gave $20,000 for the repairs of the cathedral, but neither the prelates nor the clergy aided the government in this work, and Archbishop Lifian especially opposed the authority of the viceroy. His appointed successor, the Count of Canete, died on the voyage from Acapulco to Paita, and in his place the Count of Monclova was sent, who entered Lima and received the government on 15 August, 1689. Navarra staved in Lima until 1691 to await an investigation of his administration, and then sailed for Spain to occupy the presidency of the council of Aragon, but (lied on the journey.
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