Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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LINAN y CISNEROS, Melehor de (leen-yan'), Peruvian archbishop, born in Madrid, Spain, 19 December, 1629; died in Lima, Peru, 20 October, 1708. He studied in Alcala, where he was graduated as doctor in theology. He was pastor of several parishes in Madrid, in 1661 member of the supreme council of the Inquisition, and in 1664 became bishop of Santa Marta. In 1666 he was promoted bishop of Popayan, and in 1671 he was appointed by the king visitor of the kingdom of New Granada with the titles of president, governor, and captain-general. His administration is said to have saved to the treasury $130,000 annually. On 24 February, 1672, he was made archbishop of Charcas, and in 1674 he took charge of his diocese. On 14 December, 1676, he was appointed archbishop of Lima, and on 14 February, 1678, took charge of that diocese. On the occasion of the earthquake in Lima, 17 June, 1678, he was active in the assistance of the wounded. On 7 July of the same year he was appointed temporary viceroy of Peru, which place he held till 20 November, 1681. During his civil administration he introduced several reforms in the public and military service, constructed forts, enlarged the army, and fortified the city against the pirates. In his ecclesiastic government he reformed the service, established monasteries, and gave much to charity.
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