Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RAMOS ARIZPE, Miguel (rah'-mos-ah-rith'-pay), Mexican statesman, born in San Nicolas (now Ramos Arizpe), Coahuila, 15 February, 1775 ; died in Mexico, 28 April, 1843. He studied in the Seminary of Monterey and the College of Guadalajara, where he was graduated in law, and began to practise his profession, but later he entered the church, and was ordained in 1803 by the bishop of Monterey, who made him his chaplain. Soon he was appointed professor of civil and canonical law in the Seminary of Monterey, and afterward he became vicar-general and ecclesiastical judge of several parishes in Tamaulipas. In 1807 he returned to Guadalajara, and was graduated as doctor in theology and canonical law, and made a canon of the cathedral. He was elected in September, 1810, deputy to the cortes of Cadiz, took his seat in March, 1811, and labored to prepare for the independence of his country; but when the constitution was abrogated by the returning king in 1814, and Ramos refused honors that were offered him to renounce his principles, he was imprisoned. When the constitution was re-established in 1820, he regained his liberty, took his seat again in the cortes, and was appointed in 1821 precentor of the cathedral of Mexico. In the next year he returned to his country, was elected to the constituent congress, and formed part of the commission that modelled the Federal constitution of 1824. in November, 1825, he was called by President Guadalupe Victoria to his cabinet as secretary of justice and ecclesiastical affairs, which place he occupied till March, 1828. In 1830 he was sent as minister to Chili, and on his return in 1831 he was appointed dean of the cathedral of Mexico. When President Manuel Gomez Pedraza took charge of the executive in December, 1832, he made Ramos Arizpe secretary of justice, which portfolio he also held under Valentin Gomez Farias till August, 1833. In 1841 he was a member of the government council, and in 1842 he was deputy to the constituent congress, which was dissolved by President Nicolas Bravo. He was afterward a member of the junta de notables, but failing health forced him to retire, and soon afterward he died.
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