Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PALLEN, Montrose Anderson, educator, born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, 2 January, 1836. His father, a native of Virginia, was professor of obstetrics in St. Louis medical college for twenty-seven years. The son was graduated at St. Louis university in 1853, and in medicine in 1856. After spending two years in hospital service and study in London, Paris, and Berlin, he began practice in St. Louis, Missouri During the civil war he was medical director of General Henry A. Wise's legion in 1861, of General William J. Hardee's army corps in 1862, and afterward of the Department of Mississippi till February, 1863. He was subsequently sent to Canada by the Confederate government to report on the condition of the Confederate prisoners on Johnson's island. He returned to Richmond in 1864, and after a visit to Paris, France, where he obtained surgical and medical supplies for the Confederate armies, he was sent to Montreal again, but was captured on his way back to the south, and held on parole in New York city till the end of the war. After occupying chairs in various institutions, he was in 1874 appointed professor of gynecology in the University of the city of New York. In 1883 he assisted in forming the Post-graduate medical college in that city. Among other inventions by Dr. Pallen are a self-retaining vaginal speculum, peculiar needles for small and deep cavities, and various uterine supports. He has written much for medical periodicals, and published "Abnormities of Vision and Ophthalmoscope" (Washington, D. C., 1858); "Uterine Abnormities" (Cincinnati, 1866); "Prophylaxis of Pregnancy" (New York, 1878): and "Dysmenorrhoea" (1880).
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