Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HAMILTON, Morgan Calvin, senator, born near Huntsville, Alabama, 25 February, 1809. He received a common school education, and removed to the republic of Texas in 1837, where he was a clerk in the war department in 1839-'45, and during the greater part of the last three years was acting secretary of war. He was appointed comptroller of the state treasury in September, 1867, was a delegate to the constitutional convention of 1868, and on the reconstruction of the state was elected to the United States senate as a Republican, and was reelected, serving from 1870 till 1877.--His brother, Andrew Jackson, politician, born in Madison county, Alabama, 28 January, 1815; died in Austin, Texas, 10 April, 1875. He was educated at a common school, and subsequently worked for a time on his father's farm. He afterward engaged in business, but was for some years clerk of the circuit court of his native county, and then became a lawyer. He settled in Texas in ]846, practised law many years in Austin, was attorney-general of the state, and a presidential elector on the Buchanan ticket in 1856. He subsequently became a Republican, and was elected to congress, serving in 1859-'61. He opposed the secession of Texas, and during the early part of the war lived in the north. On 14 November, 1862, he was made brigadier-general of United States volunteers, and in the same year appointed military governor of Texas. He was sent to command troops at Natamoras. President Johnson made him provisional governor in 1865, and in 1866 he became a justice of the supreme court. He was an independent candidate for governor of Texas in 1869, but was defeated.
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