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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Moses Hoge

HOGE, Moses, clergyman, born in Frederick county, Virginia, 15 February, 1752; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 5 July, 1820. His ancestors, Scotch Presbyterians, emigrated to the United States during the religious persecutions of Charles II. Moses served for a short time in the Continental army during the Revolution. In 1778 he entered Timber Ridge academy, Virginia, and in 1780 became a candidate for the ministry, having received his theological instruction from Reverend James Waddell, the " Blind Preacher." In 1781 he was ordained pastor of a Presbyterian church in Hardy county, Virginia During his eight years' pastorate, he also taught a school, which enjoyed a wide popularity. From 1806 till his death he was president of Hampden Sidney college, and, after the establishment of the theological seminary in 1812, was also professor of divinity in that institution. In 1820 he was a delegate to the general assembly of the Presbyterian church which met in Philadelphia, and he died during its session. John Randolph said that Dr. Hoge was the most eloquent preacher he had ever heard. The degree of D.D. was conferred on him by Princeton in 1810. He published " Christian Panoply, an Answer to Payne's 'Age of Reason'" (Philadelphia, 1799); and "Sermons" (1820).--His son, James, clergyman, born in Moorfield, Virginia, in 1784; died in Columbus, Ohio, 22 September, 1863, was educated by his father, licensed to preach in 1805, and ordained and appointed missionary to Ohio in 1809. Within the next year he organized a church in Franklinton, Ohio, and was then ordained pastor of the Presbyterian church in Columbus, continuing in this charge till 1858, when age and infirmity compelled his resignation. Dr. Hoge was the pioneer of the temperance movement in Ohio, and an ardent abolitionist, although born in a slave-state. He was instrumental in establishing the state deaf, dumb, blind, and insane asylums, was a trustee of two educational institutions, and a founder of the Ohio Bible society.--Another son, Samuel Davies, clergyman, born in Shepherdstown, Virginia, in 1791; died in Athens, Ohio, 10 December, 1826, was graduated at Hampden Sidney college, Virginia, in 1810, studied theology there, and was licensed to preach in 1831. Before his licensure he was for a short period vice president of Hampden Sidney. In 1816 he was installed pastor of Presbyterian churches in Madison and Culpeper counties, Virginia, and, removing to Ohio in 1821, officiated at Hillsborough and Rock Spring. In 1824 he became professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in the Ohio university, Athens, was acting president for several sessions, and pastor of the town and college churches.--His son, Moses Drury, clergyman, born near Hampden Sidney college, Virginia, 17 September, 1819, was graduated at Hampden Sidney in 1839, and, after taking the course at Union theological seminary, was licensed to preach in 1844, and immediately called to Richmond as assistant pastor of the 1st Presbyterian church. Under Dr. Hoge's charge, a colony soon went out from that church, which, in January, 1845, was organized as the 2d Presbyterian church. This has been his only charge during a ministry of forty years. During the civil war he ran the blockade to England, in order to procure Bibles and other religious books for the Cop.-federate army. Among those who cordially favored his application to the British and foreign Bible society was the Earl of Shaftesbury, who was largely instrumental in obtaining for him a grant of £4,000 worth of Bibles and testaments. Dr. Hoge has travelled extensively throughout Europe and the east, was a delegate to the Evangelical alliance that met in Philadelphia in 1873, and to the Pan-Presbyterian council in Edinburgh in 1877. In 1875 he delivered the oration at the unveiling of the statue of "Stonewall" Jackson, that was presented by English gentlemen to the state of Virginia. He received the degree of D.D. from Union theological seminary, Virginia, and declined the presidency of Hampden Sidney college. In 1862-'7 he was associated with Reverend Thomas Moore, D.D., in the editorship of the " Central Presbyterian." Throughout his ministry he has made numerous addresses before literary and scientific societies, and is regarded as the most eloquent pulpit orator in the southern Presbyterian church.--Another son, William James, clergyman, born near Hampden Sidney college, Virginia, in 1821; died in Petersburg, Virginia, 5 July. 1864, was licensed to preach in 1850, and in 1852 became pastor of the Westminster Presbyterian church in Baltimore, Maryland In 1856 he was appointed to the chair of Biblical New Testament literature in Union theological seminary, New York city, and after three years of successful work became collegiate pastor of the Brick church in that city. At the beginning of the civil war he went to the south, and after a short service in Charlottesville, Virginia, was called to Petersburg, Virginia, where his labors during the siege of the city brought on a fever to which he succumbed. He published, besides tracts and sermons, "Blind Bartimeus, or the Sightless Sinner" (New York, 1859), which had a large circulation in this country, and was translated into most of the continental languages.

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