Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BENJAMIN, Nathan, missionary, born in Catskill, New York, 14 December 1811 ; died in Constantinople, Turkey, 27 January 1855. He was graduated at Williams, in 1832, and at Andover theological seminary in 1835, was appointed as missionary to Greece and Turkey by the American board, and went to Argos in 1836. He removed to Athens in 1838, and there labored for six years, chiefly in connection with the press. From 1843 till 1845 he was acting United States consul at Athens, and he then entered upon the Armenian mission at Trebizond, but returned to the United States in 1845. Subsequently he was summoned to a new mission, and arrived at Smyrna, 7 December 1847, where he devoted his attention to the printing of the Bible and tracts in the Armenian language. In 1852 this work was transferred to Constantinople, where he also preached steadily in the Greek and English languages. He translated numerous works into Greek and Armenian, including "Pilgrim's Progress" and Daubigny's " Reformation," and also established the first newspaper ever published in the Armenian tongue, " The Morning Star," which is still issued.*His wife, Mary Gladding Wheeler, born in Providence, Rhode Island, 1 March 1814" died in Medford, Massachusetts, 3 March 1871, translated several small works into Greek, and contributed poems to periodicals. She also published "The Missionary Sisters" (New York, 1859).*Their son, Samuel Greene Wheeler, author, born in Argos, Greece, 13 February 183'7, was graduated at Williams in 1859. Shortly afterward he became the assistant librarian in the state library, Albany, New York, where he remained front 1861 till 1864. In February 1883, he was appointed United States minister at the court of Persia, and established the legation at Teheran. He resigned in July 1885. Mr. Benjamin's contributions to periodical literature have been very numerous. For some time he was the art editor of the New York "Evening Mail" and the "Nag zinc of Art." Among his books are "Constantinople, Isle of Pearls, and other Poems" (Boston, 1860)" "Ode on the Death of Abraham Lincoln" (1865) ; " The Turk and the Greek" (1867) ; "Tom Roper" (Philadelphia, 1868);"Muretus's Advice to his Son," a metrical translation from the Latin (Albany, 1870)" "The Choice of Paris; a Romance of the Troad " (Boston, 1870) ; "What is Art ? " (1875); "Contemporary Art in Europe" (New York, 1877)" "The Atlantic Islands" (1869)" "Art in America" (1879) ; " The Multitudinous Seas " (1879) • "Our American Artists" (Boston, 1st series, 1879; 2d series, 1881)" "The World's Paradises" (New York, 1880)" " Troy, its Legend, Literature, and Topography" (1880); "A Group of Etchers" (1882) ; "Cruise of the Alice May " (1883); "The Story of Persia" (1886) ; and "Persia and the Per-stuns" (Boston, 1886). He has drawn many illustrations for magazines, an illustrated edition of Longfellow's poems, and other books. His paint-rags include " Home of the Sea Birds" (1875); "Porta da Cruz, Madeira " (1876) • "The Corbiere, or Sailor's Dread " (1876)" "The Wide, Wide Sea" (1877) ; "Yachts Struck by a Squall" (1879) ; "Among the Breakers" (1879) ; and "In the Roaring Forties" (1882).
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