Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PEABODY, Nathaniel, soldier, born in Topsfield," Mass., 1 March, 1.741 ; died in Exeter, New Hampshire, 27 June, 1823. He was educated at Leominster, Massachusetts, and, after studying medicine with his father, Dr. Jacob Peabody, was licensed and began practice in 1761 at Plaistow, New Hampshire He was commissioned a lieutenant-colonel in 1774, and was the first man in New Hampshire to resign the king's commission on account of political opinions. He was one of the captors of Fort William and Mary at Newcastle, and was constantly employed in the legislature, on committees, and in conventions, during the early part of the Revolutionary war, being also elected one of the committee of safety, 10 January, 1776, and becoming its chairman. He was appointed adjutant-general of New Hampshire militia, 19 July, 1777, and served in that capacity in 1779 in Rhode Island. He was a delegate to the convention at New Haven in 1779 for regulating the price of labor, produce, manufactures, and other purposes, a delegate to congress in 1779-'80, a member of the convention, and chairman of the committee to form a state constitution in 1782-'3, and was again elected a delegate to the Continental congress in 1786, but did not act. He was a member of the legislature for eight years, its speaker in 1793, and major-general of militia from 1793 till 1798. He passed the latter years of his life within the debtor's limits of the jail.
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