Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RICE, Nathan Lewis, clergyman, born in Garrard county, Kentucky, 29 December, 1807; died in Chatham, Kentucky, 11 June, 1877. He was educated at Centre college, teaching Latin in the preparatory department, entered Princeton theological seminary in 1829, and was installed as pastor of the Presbyterian church at Bardstown, Kentucky, on 8 June, 1833. There he established and conducted a seminary for girls, and edited a paper called the " Western Protestant." After resigning his pastorate in 1841 he preached in Paris, Kentucky, where he held a public discussion on the subject of baptism. The Baptists arranged for another debate, choosing Alexander Campbell as their champion. It took place in Lexington, Kentucky, and excited widespread interest throughout the west. Oil 12 January, 1845, he assumed charge of a church in Cincinnati, where he held public debates, taught candidates for the ministry, and wrote several volumes. In 1850 he held a memorable public discussion with Archbishop John B. Purcell on the doctrines of the Roman Catholic church. His activity was as great while filling a pastorate in St. Louis in 1853-'7, where he edited the "St. Louis Presbyterian." He was moderator of the general assembly at Nashville in 1855. On 20 October, 1857, he was installed as pastor of a church in Chicago, where he conducted the "Presbyterian Expositor," and in 1859-'61 filled the chair of didactic theology in the Theological seminary of the northwest. He entered on the pastorate of the Fifth avenue church in New York city on 28 April, 1861. His health soon began to decline, and on 16 April, 1867, he resigned his charge and retired to a farm near New Brunswick, New Jersey After resting from intellectual work for more than a year, he assumed the presidency of Westminster college, Fulton, Missouri, and in October, 1874, exchanged-this post for the professorship of didactic and polemic theology in the theological seminary at Danville, Kentucky, which he held till his death. His debate with Campbell on "Baptism" was published, as were also debates with E. M. Pingree on " Universal Salvation" (Cincinnati, 1845) and with Jonathan Blanchard on " Slavery" (1845). He was the author of other works, mostly on polemical subjects, including "Romanism the Enemy of Free Institutions and of Christianity " (1851), "The Signs of the Times" (St. Louis, 1855) ; "Baptism : the Design, Node, and Subjects" (1855) ; "Our Country and the Church" (1861); "Preach the Word, a Discourse" (New York, 1862); "The Pulpit : its Relations to Our National Crisis" (1862) ; and "Discourses" (1862).
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