Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MORE, Nicholas, colonist, born in England; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1689. He was a physician, and a man of more than ordinary abilities. On the organization of the Free society of traders in London, he was chosen its president, and came with William Penn to Pennsylvania, where he took up a large tract of land, embracing the manor of Moreland, now in the counties of Philadelphia and Montgomery. He was president of the first provincial assembly of Pennsylvania, , which convened at Chester, 4 December, 1682, during the same year was appointed president judge of the several courts of Philadelphia, in 1683 was clerk to the provincial council, in 1684 was elected to the assembly and chosen speaker of the body, and by appointment became the first chief justice of the supreme court of the province. In 1685 he was again elected to the assembly. By his course as chief justice, he fell under such displeasure that the assembly presented articles of impeachment against him to the council, in which, among other offences, he was charged with "assuming to himself an unlimited and arbitrary power in his office." This was probably the first case of impeachment in this country. As Penn had gone to England, a letter containing the impeachment was transmitted to him, but it did not receive his approbation. More still retained Penn's confidence, which was shown by his appointment in 1686 as one of the five commissioners to whom the conduct of the government was intrusted.
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