Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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RICHEL, Nicolas Antoine (re-shel), Haytian naturalist, born in Jacmel in 1745-d. in Cape Francais in 1799. He was one of the founders of the Academy of the Philadelphes, and a member of the Scientific society of Cape Francais, and the privy council of Governor Blanehelande. He also took an active part in the troubles in Santo Domingo after the revolution of 1789, but was always on the side of the royal authority. At the arrival of the commissioners of the Directory he raised a band of partisans, and once nearly succeeded in kidnapping Etienne Polverel (q. v.), but was taken prisoner afterward and transported to France, where he was kept in confinement for several years. Toward the close of 1798 he obtained permission to return to his country, where he lived in retirement till his death. His works include "Histoire et description de File de Saint Domingue" (1785); "Tableau de la flore de Saint Domingue" (6 vols., 1785-'90); and " Expos6 de la thdorie d'acclimatation des phmtes Europ6ennes dans les iles Antilles" (1791).
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