Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of North and South Americans >> Nicolas de Pierola





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For more information go to Historic.us

 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





Virtual American Biographies

Over 30,000 personalities with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life stories. Virtualology.com welcomes editing and additions to the biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor Click Here or e-mail Virtualology here.



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 



Nicolas de Pierola

PIEROLA, Nicolas de Biography - A Stan Klos Company

PIEROLA, Nicolas de (pe-ay-ro'-lah), Peruvian naturalist, born in Camaná, department of Arequipa, in 1798; died in Lima, 24 January, 1857. He began the study of law in the University of Lima, and went in 1814 to Madrid, where he was admitted to the bar in 1817, and began the practice of his profession. He was elected deputy to the cortes for his native province in 1820, appointed professor of jurisprudence in the Central university of Madrid, and began the study of natural history.  

After the independence of his country was established he resigned his post, returned to Peru, and was elected in 1827 deputy to the national congress. In 1828 he was appointed director-general of mines, but he resigned in 1833 to become the founder of the scientific weekly "El Telegrafo." He was elected director of the National museum of Lima in 1845, and founded in 1847 another scientific and literary paper, "El Ateneo." He was appointed a member of the committee on public instruction, and in 1852 called by President Castilla to his cabinet as secretary of the treasury; but in 1854 he resigned, and lived thenceforth entirely for science.  

He wrote in conjunction with his friend and colleague, Mariano Eduardo Rivera, who contributed the matter on the mineral kingdom, "Memorial de ciencias naturales" (Lima, 1856). His name has been given to a new species of violet found in the Amazon valley, the Viola Pierolana. 

--His son, Nicolas de Pierola, born in Camana, 5 January, 1839, was educated in the College of Santo Toribio, in Lima, admitted to the bar in 1860, and founded a review, "El Progreso Catolico." In 1864 he became editor of "El Tiempo," in which he defended the administration of General Juan A. Pezet. When Prado's revolution was successful, he went to Europe, where he traveled extensively, but in January, 1869, he was appointed by President Balta to the ministry of finance, and shared with his chief the credit of the great public works that were executed by the latter, and the discredit of the ruinous loans that were contracted to perform them.  

After the death of Balta, Pierola was impeached under Pardo's administration for misappropriation of public funds, and, although he was honorably acquitted of dishonest practice, he came to the United States. In 1874 he prepared an expedition to Peru, but was defeated by Admiral Lizardo Montero at Cuesta de los Angeles. He continued to conspire, and in 1877 invaded Peru again, but was taken prisoner and banished to Chile.  

At the beginning of the war between Peru and Chile he offered his services to his country, and he was allowed by President Prado to return to Lima in 1879. After the flight of Prado several battalions of the garrison revolted, and Pierola, at the head of one of them, marched against the government palace, but was defeated by the minister of war, and took possession of Callao on 22 December  

The archbishop of Lima intervened, and on the next day Pierola made his entry into the capital, and was proclaimed by the masses supreme chief of the republic. He made strenuous efforts to hurry re-enforcements and arms to the front, and when the Chilean army appeared before Lima he organized the defense, and, assuming the command-in-chief, fought at Chorrillos and Miraflores in January, 1881. When all was lost, Pierola retired to the town of Canta, in the mountains, sending Montero to organize the resistance in the northern departments.  

He afterward established his headquarters at Ayacucho, summoned a national assembly on 23 July, and was elected provisional president: but, as Chile refused to treat with him, he resigned on 28 November, 1881, and embarked for the United States, where he has since resided. He married a granddaughter of the Emperor Hurbide.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia by John Looby, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

PIEROLA, Nicolas de (pe-ay-ro'-lah), Peruvian naturalist, born in Camana, department of Arequipa, iu 1798" died in Lima, 24 January, 1857. He began the study of law in the University of Lima, and went in 1814 to Madrid, where he was admitted to the bar in 1817, and began the practice of his profession. He was elected deputy to the cortes for his native province in 1820, appointed professor of jurisprudence in the Central university of Madrid, and began the study of natural history. After the independence of his country was established he resigned his post, returned to Peru, and was elected in 1827 deputy to the national congress. In 1828 he was appointed director-general of mines, but he resigned in 1833 to become the founder of the scientific weekly "El Telegrafo." He was elected director of the National museum of Lima in 1845, and founded in 1847 another scientific and literary paper, "El Ateneo." He was appointed a member of the committee on public instruction, and in 1852 called by President Castilla to his cabinet as secretary of the treasury; but in 1854 he resigned, and lived thenceforth entirely for science. He wrote. in conjunction with his friend and colleague, Mariano Eduardo Rivera, who contributed the matter on the mineral kingdom, "Memorial de ciencias naturales" (Lima, 1856). His name has been given to a new species of violet found in the Amazon valley, the Viola Pierolana.--His son, Nieolas, born in Camana, 5 January, 1839, was educated in the College of Santo Toribio, in Lima, admitted to the bar in 1860, and founded a review, "El Progreso Catalico." In 1864 he became editor of "El Tiempo," in which he defended the administration of General Juan A. Pezet. When Prado's revolution was successful, he went to Europe, where he travelled extensively, but in January, 1869, he was appointed by President Balta to the ministry of finance, and shared with his chief the credit of the great public works that were executed by the latter, and the discredit of the ruinous loans that were contracted to perform them. After the death of Balta, Pie-rola was impeached under Pardo's administration for misappropriation of public funds, and, although he was honorably acquitted of dishonest practice. he came to the United States. In 1874 he prepared an expedition to Peru, but was defeated by Admiral Lizardo Montero at Cuesta de los Angeles. He continued to conspire, and in 1877 invaded Peru again, but was taken prisoner and banished to Chili. At the beginning of the war between Peru and Chili he offered his services to his country, and he was allowed by President Prado to return to Lima in 1879. After the flight of Prado several battalions of the garrison revolted, and Pierola, at the head of one of them, marched against the government palace, but was defeated by the minister of war, and took possession of Callao on 22 December The archbishop of Lima intervened, and on the next day Pierola made his entry into the capital, and was proclaimed by the masses supreme chief of the republic. He made strenuous efforts to hurry re-enforcements and arms to the front, and when the Chilian army appeared before Lima he organized the defence, and, assuming the command-in-chief, fought at Chorrillos and Niraflores in January, 1881. When all was lost, Pierola retired to the town of Canta, in the mountains, sending Montero to organize the resistance in the northern departments. He afterward established his headquarters at Ayaeucho, summoned a national assembly on 23 July, and was elected provisional president: but, as Chili refused to treat with him, he resigned on 28 November, 1881, and embarked for the United States, where he has since resided. He married a granddaughter of the Emperor Hurbide.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

Start your search on Nicolas de Pierola.


 

 


 


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

Search:

About Us

 

 

Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

 

Childhood & Family

Click Here

 

Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights

 

Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II

 

Is it Real?



Declaration of
Independence

Digital Authentication
Click Here

 

America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

 
Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock

  

Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

  

Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
[
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

  

Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party


Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party


Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party


Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society


U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos

 

 

 

 


Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum