Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GUZMAN, Nuno Beltrtan de, Spanish conqueror, born in Guadalajara, New Castile, in the latter part of the 15th century; died in Torrejon de Velasco, Spain, in 1544. He was one of the first judges of the island of Hispaniola, when he was suddenly appointed governor of the province of Panuco, Mexico. He took charge of his government on 20 May, 1528, and, not finding there the riches that he expected, he began to barter his Indian subjects for horses and cattle from Hispaniola. When Cortes retired to Texcoco, Guzman was nominated president of the audiencia, and took charge of the government of Mexico in December, 1528. When Bishop Zumarraga opposed his cruelties, he resolved to set out on a conquering expedition to the west. Early in November, 1529, he left Mexico with 500 Spaniards and 10,000 Indian auxiliaries. He conquered the state of Jalisco, which he called Nueva Galicia, founded the city of Guadalajara on 3 December, 1530, and afterward the towns of Lagos and Tepic, and sent an expedition under Cristobal de Onate to explore the northwestern coast, which penetrated to Culiacan and Magdalena in Sonora. When the new audiencia under Fuenleal arrived in 1531, Guzman was indicted and ordered to appear in Mexico, but disobeyed, and captured Luis de Castilla, who had been sent with a force to subdue him. By royal decree of May, 1538, he was ordered to submit to the captain-general of Mexico, and, seeing himself abandoned by the greater part of his followers, he resolved to go to Spain. On his arrival in Mexico, he was well received by the new viceroy, Mendoza; but a few days afterward Perez de la Torre, who had been commissioned by a royal decree to judge Guzman's administration, arrived and immediately imprisoned the latter. Guzman was kept in a dungeon over a year, sent to Spain in 1588, and confined in Torrejon de la Vega, where he died in poverty. He is said to have written a description of his conquest, under the title of "Noticia y Relacion de la Conquista de Michoacan y Jalisco," the manuscript of which is mentioned by Lopez de Haro and Leon Pinelo, and was probably used by Mota Padilla in his " Historia de la Conquista de, la Nueva Galicia."
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