Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARSHALL, Orsamus Holmes, historian, born in Franklin, Connecticut, 13 February, 1813; died in Buffalo, New York, 9 July, 1884. His father, Dr. John E. Marshall, was one of the earliest settlers of Buffalo When the British burned that town in the war of 1812-'13 Dr. Marshall sent his wife to their former home in Connecticut, and there the son was born When he was two years old his parents returned to Buffalo, where he passed his life. He was graduated at Union college in 1831, read law in Buffalo, and attended lectures at Yale, and was admitted to practice in 1834. He was a well-known member of the Buffalo bar till his relinquishment of practice in 1867. Mr. Marshall gained a wide reputation as the historian of the aboriginal inhabitants of western New York. He was personally acquainted with Red Jacket and other chiefs, and received from them much of the data for his works. Mr. Marshall held no public office except that of United States commissioner for the northern district of New York. He was for some time chancellor of the University of Buffalo. Among his more important papers are "Champlain's Expedition in 1613-'15 against the Onondagas" ; "The Expedition of the Marquis de Nonville in 1689 against the Senecas" ; "The Expedition of De Celeron to the Ohm in 1749 ; La Salle's First Visit to the Senecas in 1699" (privately printed, 1874); " Historical Sketches of the Niagara Frontier," read before the Buffalo historical society; " The Building and the Voyage of the ' Griffon' in 1679," before the same society; and " The History of the New York Charter, 1664-1674." These sketches, since his death, have been collected and published in book-form by his son, Charles D. Marshall, with an introduction by William L. Stone (Albany, 1887).
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