Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ANDAGOYA, Pascual de, Spanish traveler, born in the province of Alava, Spain; died in Cuzco, Peru, 18 June 1548. In 1514, when very young, he went out to Darien with the governor, Pedro Arias. He was made inspector-general of the Indians on the isthmus in 1522, and in the same year, hearing of a province farther south called Biru (Peru), set out on an expedition thither. Several chiefs of the country made their submission to him, and told him of the great empire of the Incas; but when he attempted to make further discoveries, a severe illness forced him to return to Panama, where he reported the information he had gained. The governor then handed over the enterprise to three partners, one of whom was Francisco Pizarro, afterward conqueror of Peru. Andagoya now lived at Panama till 1529, when he was banished by the governor to Santo Domingo, but returned in a few years as lieutenant to the new governor, Barrionuevo. He acted as agent to Pizarro and the other conquerors of Peru until 1536, when he was sent back to Spain. In 1540 he became governor of the country around the San Juan River, and founded the town of Buenaventura; but, owing to a dispute with a neighboring governor, he went back to Spain, where he spent five years, returning to Peru to die. Oviedo, who knew him well, speaks of him as noble minded and virtuous, and says his treatment of the Indians was humane. He wrote an interesting narrative, which remained long in manuscript, but was finally published by Navarrete. An English translation by Clements R. Markham has been published by the Hakluyt society (London, 1865).
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