Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LYNCH, Patricio, Chilian naval officer, born in Valparaiso, 18 October, 1825; died at sea in May, 1886. His father was of Irish extraction. The son studied at the naval academy, and served as a cadet in the naval campaign of 1838 against the Peru-Bolivian confederation. In 1840 he entered the British navy by the orders of his government, and took part in the war against China in 1841-'2. He became a lieutenant and was decorated with two medals. In 1847 he returned to his native country, re-entered the navy as a lieutenant, and in 1854 was retired with the rank of frigate-captain, in 1865 he returned to the service, and during the campaign against Spain was governor of Valparaiso, organized the National guard, and commanded a Chilian vessel. After the war he was promoted to post-captain, and till the year 1878 was several times maritime prefect of Valparaiso. in 1879 he was the first Chilian governor of the Peruvian territory of Tarapaca, having been before general commander of transportation. In this same year he was chief of the expedition that was sent to the north of Peru, destroying property to the amount of $15,000,000. On 19 November, 1880, he landed at Pisco with his division of 8,500 men, and made a bold march of more than one hundred and seven miles to Curayaco, overcoming great difficulties. He was obliged to carry potable water for his troops, but was so fortunate as to lose but four soldiers. On 13 January, 1881, in the battle of Chorrillos, he encountered such stubborn resistance that he lost 192 officers and 1,8.79 soldiers, the greater number in the attack of " Morro Solar." He also was present at the final battle of Niraflores on 15 January Some months afterward congress promoted him to the rank of rear-admiral, and appointed him commander of the Chilian army, which post he held till October, 1883. Although it is said that he had not been over-scrupulous in the previous campaign regarding plunder, he sternly repressed the sacking of Lima by his own soldiers and the marauders that infested the city, ordering the immediate execution of every man caught in the act of robbing, and he court-martialed several Chilian officers for extortion. He suppressed the Calderon government, and sent the provisional president a prisoner to Chili, notwithstanding the protest of the American minister. In 1883 he planned the campaign in which Caceres was defeated at Huamachuco in July, invested Iglesias with the presidency in October, withdrew the Chilian garrison to Chorrillos, and conducted the evacuation of the country after the ratification of peace. In recompense for his services he was promoted by congress to the highest rank of the Chilian navy, that of vice-admiral, and in 1885 was sent as minister to Spain. In the following year he was recalled by his government to take charge of the Chilian legation at Lima, and died on his passage homeward when near the Canary islands. His remains were landed in Teneriffe, and afterward transported by the ironclad " Blanco Encalada" to Chili, arriving in Santiago on 14 May, 1887, where they received magnificent funeral honors.
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