Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MORIARTY, Patrick Eugene, clergyman, born in Dublin, Ireland, 4 July, 1804; died at Villanova, Pc., 10 July, 1875. His early education was at a private academy that his father had founded for Roman Catholic youth. In 1820 he entered the novitiate of the Augustinian convent at Callan, with a view of preparing himself for the priesthood, and he afterward studied in colleges of his order at Lucca and Rome. After his ordination he was stationed in Dublin, and in 1835 was sent as a missionary to India. There he acted for several years as secretary of the vicar-apostolic of God and as chaplain to the British troops at Madras, being the first Catholic chaplain that was recognized by the English government since the Reformation. On his return to Rome from the East he was the bearer of an address to the pope from 2,700 Roman Catholics of Madras. In 1839 Dr. Moriarty joined the Augustinian mission in the United States, and for nearly twenty years, with brief intervals, he was stationed at the Church of St. Augustine in Philadelphia. He was soon recognized as one of the best church orators in the United States. and made a reputation as a public lecturer on religious subjects. He was given the post of father-superior of his order in this country, and in thirty-five years he saw it increase from one house and three priests until it numbered twenty-four convents and churches. He was for many years president of Villanova college, Pc. Dr. Moriarty published numerous essays on Irish history and controversial subjects in Roman Catholic periodicals, fugitive pieces under the pen-names of " Ermite" and "Hierophilos," and in book-form " The Life of St. Augustine" (1873).
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