Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CLEBURNE (clebborn), Patrick Ronayne, soldier, born in county Cork, Ireland, 17 March, 1828 ; killed in the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, 30 November, 1864. He was a descendant of William Cleburne, and the second son of Dr. Joseph Cleburne. His mother was a daughter of Patrick Ronayne of Annebrook, county Cork, descended from that Maurice Ro-nayne who obtained from King Henry IV. "a grant of the rights of Englishmen." He was intended for the profession of medicine, but becoming discouraged while a student at Trinity College, he ran away and enlisted in the 41st regiment of foot. After three years' service he came to the United States, settled at Helena, Ark., where he studied 648 CLELAND CLEMENS law, and was in successful practice at the beginning of the civil war. He joined the Confederate army as a private, planned the capture of the United States arsenal in Arkansas in March, 1861, was made captain, and soon afterward promoted to colonel. In March, 1862, he was made a brigadier-general, and at Shiloh commanded the 2d brigade of the 3d corps, and was commended for valor and ability. He was wounded at the battle of Perryville, and was made a major general in December, 1862. He commanded a division of the right wing at Mur-freesboro and at Chickamauga, and distinguished himself in command of the rear-guard at Missionary Ridge, in November, 1863, and received the thanks of the Confederate congress for his de-fence of Ringgold Gap. He distinguished himself in numerous engagements. At Jonesboro' he covered the retreat of Hood's defeated army, and commanded a corps at Franklin, where he was killed after two lines of the National works had been carried by the troops under his command. He was a favorite with the Irish brigade, and was called "the Stonewall of the West." He instituted the Order of the Southern Cross, and was among the first to advise the use of colored troops in the armies of the Confederacy.
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