Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HENKEL, Paul, clergyman, born in Rowan county, North Carolina, 15 December, 1754; died in New Market, Virginia, 17 November, 1825. His ancestor, Gerhardt, a court-preacher in Germany, and one of the earliest Lutheran ministers who came to America, settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, about 1740. Nearly all the male descendants have been Lutheran clergymen. Paul's father settled in North Carolina, but in 1760 the family were driven by the Catawba Indians to take refuge in western Virginia. The son grew up an expert hunter, and familiar with Indian warfare. About 1776 he listened to the preaching of Whitefield, and determined to enter the ministry. After receiving a brief classical and theological training from the Lutheran clergyman in Fredericktown, Maryland, he was licensed to preach by the synod, settled at New Market, Virginia, and was ordained in Philadelphia on 6 June, 1792. He established several churches in the vicinity of New Market and in Augusta county, Virginia, and Rowan county, North Carolina, where he labored subsequently. While in North Carolina he helped to form the synod there. In 1805 he returned to New Market, and made missionary tours through western Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. He was a fervent speaker and writer, both in English and German, and a man of earnest convictions, who roused much opposition by his insistence on the conservation of the original confessions and rites of the church. He published a work in German on "Baptism and the Lord's Supper" (1809; afterward translated into English); a German hymn-book (1810), and one in the English language (1816), in each of which were included many hymns composed by himself. He also issued a German catechism (1814), followed by one in English, and was the author of a German sataical poem entitled "Zeitvertreib."--His nephew, Noses Montgomery, clergyman, born in Pendleton county, Virginia, 23 March, 1798; died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1864, became an itinerant minister of the M. E. church in Ohio in 1819, was for some time a missionary to the Wyandotte Indians, and preached in that state and in Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Alabama. He established a religious magazine, and associated himself in 1845 with Dr. McFerrin in the editorship of the "Christian Advocate " at Nashville. In 1847 he established the " Southern Ladies' Companion," which he conducted for eight years. He taught in Philadelphia and other places, and was thus engaged in Baltimore, Maryland, during the civil war, but was sent within the Confederate lines. He published, among other books, a volume of "Masonic Addresses" (1848); "The Primary Platform of Methodism " (1851); "Analysis of Church Government" (1852); "Life of Bishop Bas-coin" (1853); and "Primitive Episcopacy" (1856).
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